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Special Offers New. Please enter a minimum and maximum price. Brand Hiram Martin Chittenden. Literary Licensing, LLC. Chittenden, Hiram Martin. Chittenden, Hiram Martin , Carnegie, Andrew. Martino Fine Books. Format Hardcover. Showing 40 of 94 results that match your query. Search Product Result Product - H. Chittenden : A Western Epic. Product Image. At this time the general western limit of the territory operated in by this formidable company was the northern and eastern slope of the mountains which bound the Yellowstone Park on the north and east.
Its line of operations was down the river to St. Louis,  and its great trading posts were located at frequent intervals between. Louis in , and received its full organization in under the direction of Jedediah Smith, David Jackson and William Sublette. Among the leading spirits, who at one time or another guided its affairs, was the famous mountaineer James Bridger to whom frequent reference will be made. This company had its general center of operations on the head waters of Green River to the west of South Pass.
Unlike the other companies, it had no navigable stream along which it could establish posts and conduct its operations. By the necessities of its exclusively mountain trade it developed a new feature of the fur business. The voyageur , with his canoe and oar, gave way to the mountaineer, with his saddle and rifle. These rendezvous were agreed upon each year at localities best suited for the convenience of the trade. Hither repaired also the various parties of hunters and trappers and such bands of Indians as roamed in the vicinity.
These meetings were great occasions, both in the transaction of business and in the round of festivities that always prevailed. After the traffic of the occasion was over, and the plans for the ensuing year were agreed upon, the convoys returned to the States and the trappers to their retreats in the mountains.
Thus was the territory of the great West practically parceled out among these three companies. There were, indeed, a few temporary arrangements of this sort, but for the most part each company maintained the right to work in any territory it saw fit, and there was constant invasion by each of the proper territories of the other.
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But the practical necessities of the business kept them, broadly speaking, within the limits which we have noted. Wyeth, acknowledged allegiance to none of the great organizations, but wandered where they chose, dealing by turns with each of the companies. Nor did any company maintain an exclusive monopoly of its peculiar methods of conducting business. The American Fur Company frequently held rendezvous at points remote from its trading posts; and the Rocky Mountain Fur Company in later years resorted  to the Missouri River as its line of supplies.
In fact, the interests of the two companies finally became to such an extent dependent upon each other that a union was effected, in , under the firm name of P. Chouteau, Jr. The records of those early days abound in references to the fierce competition in trade which existed between these great organizations. It led to every manner of device or subterfuge which might deceive a rival as to routes, conceal from him important trapping grounds, undermine the loyalty of his employes or excite the hostility of the Indians against him.
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It often led to deeds of violence, and made the presence of a rival band of trappers more dreaded than a war party of the implacable Blackfeet. The vigor and enterprise of these traders caused their business to penetrate the remotest and most inaccessible corners of the land. Every river and tributary stream, from the Columbia to the Rio del Norte, and from the Mackenzie to the Colorado of the West, from their head waters to their junctions, are searched and trapped for beaver.
That a business of such all-pervading character should have left a region like our present Yellowstone Park unexplored would seem extremely doubtful. That region lay, a sort of neutral ground, between the territories of the rival fur companies.
Its streams abounded with beaver; and, although hemmed in by vast mountains, and snow-bound most of the year, it  could not have escaped discovery. In fact, every part of it was repeatedly visited by trappers. Rendezvous were held on every side of it, and once, it is believed, in Hayden Valley, just north of Yellowstone Lake. Had the fur business been more enduring, the geyser regions would have become known at least a generation sooner.
But a business carried on with such relentless vigor naturally soon taxed the resources of nature beyond its capacity for reproduction. The poor beaver, as at a later day the buffalo, quickly succumbed to his ubiquitous enemies. There was no spot remote enough for him to build his dam in peace, and the once innumerable multitude speedily dwindled away. The few years immediately preceding and following were the halcyon days of the fur trade in the United States. Thenceforward it rapidly declined, and by had shrunk to a mere shadow of its former greatness.
With its disappearance the early knowledge of the Upper Yellowstone also disappeared. Subsequent events—the Mormon emigration, the war with Mexico, and the discovery of gold—drew attention, both private and official, in other directions; and the great wonderland became again almost as much unknown as in the days of Lewis and Clark. On the west bank of the Yellowstone River, a quarter of a mile above the Upper Falls, in a ravine now crossed by a lofty wooden bridge, stands a pine tree, on which is the oldest record, except that of Colter, of the presence of white men within the present limits of the Park.
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It is an inscription, giving the initials of a name and the date when inscribed. It was discovered in by Col. Norris, then Superintendent of the Park. It is now practically illegible from overgrowth, although some of the characters can still be made out. Norris, who saw it fifteen years ago, claims to have successfully deciphered it. He verified the date by counting the annual rings on another tree near by, which bore hatchet marks, presumably of the same date. The time that had elapsed since these cuts were made corresponded well with the inscribed date.
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The inscription was:. Efforts have been made to trace this inscription to some of the early noted trappers, but the attempt can hardly succeed. Even if an identity of initials were established, the identity of individuals would still remain in doubt. Nothing short of some authentic record of such a visit as must have taken place can satisfy the requirements of the case.
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Norris' researches disclosed other similar evidence, although in no other instance with so plain a clue as to date. He also examined the ruins of an ancient block-house discovered by Frederick Bottler at the base of Mt.
What two Children Did
Its decayed condition indicated great age. In other places, the stumps of trees, old logs used to cross streams, and many similar proofs, were brought to light by that inveterate ranger of the wilderness. The Washburn party, in , discovered on the east bank of the Yellowstone, just above Mud Geyser, the remains of a pit, probably once used for concealment in shooting water fowl. In , there was still living in Montana, at the advanced age of one hundred and two years, a Frenchman by the name of Baptiste Ducharne.
This man spent the summers of and on the Upper Yellowstone River trapping for beaver. He passed through the geyser regions, and could accurately describe them more than half a century after he had seen them. The book is a biography of one Joseph Meek, a trapper and pioneer of considerable note.
In leaving the country, Captain William Sublette, the chief partner, led his party up Henry Fork, across the Madison and Gallatin Rivers, to the high ridge overlooking the Yellowstone, at some point near the present Cinnabar Mountain. Here the party was dispersed by a band of Blackfeet, and Meek, one of its members, became separated from his companions. He had lost his horse and most of his equipment and in this condition he wandered for several days, without food or shelter, until he was found by two of his companions.
His route lay in a southerly direction, to the eastward of the Yellowstone, at some distance back from the river. On the morning of the fifth day he had the following experience:. When the first surprise of this astonishing scene had passed, Joe began to admire its effect from an artistic point of view.
The morning being clear,  with a sharp frost, he thought himself reminded of the City of Pittsburg, as he had beheld it on a winter morning, a couple of years before. This, however, related only to the rising smoke and vapor; for the extent of the volcanic region was immense, reaching far out of sight.